Women's Monastic Organazation
Swami Vivekananda regarded the neglect of the masses and neglect of women
as the two main causes for the downfall of India. He believed that the
life and message of Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi had great significance for
the uplift of women. In one of his letters to a brother monk, Swamiji
wrote: Mother has been born to revive that wonderful Shakti in India; and
making her the nucleus, once more will Gargis and Maitreyis be born into
the world. On several occasions he expressed the wish to have a separate
womens monastic order on the lines of Ramakrishna Math, with Holy Mother
as its ideal and inspiration.
Swamijis wish came to be fulfilled nearly
half a century later. As per the decision taken by the Trustees of
Ramakrishna Math, a group of women, who had been leading a life of
renunciation and service for several years, were given the vows of
Brahmacharya at Belur Math on 27 December 1953, the sacred birthday of Sri
Sarada Devi, which was also the day of inauguration of the year-long
celebration of the Birth Centenary of Holy Mother. On 2 December 1954 a
new monastic order for women, known as Sri Sarada Math, was started at a
place on the eastern bank of the Ganga, a little away from Dakshineswar
Kali Temple. On 1 January 1959, on the birthday of Holy Mother, eight
senior members of Sri Sarada Math were ordained Sannyasinis at Belur Math.
In August 1959 Sri Sarada Math was formally
Ramakrishna Math, and has since then been functioning
independently with its own Board of Trustees.
In May 1960 the Sannyasinis
established the Ramakrishna Sarada Mission. Both the institutions carry
on spiritual, cultural, educational, medical and charitable activities
among women and children.
Sri Sarada Math & Ramakrishna Sarada Mission
Calcutta - 700 076. India
Ph: 91-33-2564 5411/ 2564 6566
Fax: 91-33-2564 4388