Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are worldwide, non-political, non-sectarian spiritual organizations which have been engaged in various forms of humanitarian, social service activities for more than a century. Inspired by the ideals of renunciation and service, the monks and lay devotees of the Math and Mission serve millions of men, women and children, without any distinction of caste, religion or race, because they see the living God in them.
The organizations were brought into existence by Sri Ramakrishna (1836-1886), the great 19th century saint from Bengal who is regarded as the Prophet of the Modern Age, and Sri Ramakrishna’s chief disciple, Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), one of the foremost thinkers and religious leaders of the present age, who is regarded as ‘one of the main moulders of the modern world’, in the words of an eminent Western scholar A.L. Basham.
Although Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are legally and financially separate, they are closely inter-related in several ways and are regarded as twin organizations.
These twin organizations have set in motion a non-sectarian, universal spiritual movement which has been silently working for more than a hundred years to catalyze the spiritual regeneration of humanity.
The chief catalyst in this ongoing transformation is India’s ancient religious philosophy known as Vedanta. Although several other systems of philosophy arose in India at different times, they were confined to small groups. Vedanta alone has remained the dominant philosophy of India’s religious tradition from Vedic times to the present day. In modern times this ancient system of thought has been purified, unified and energized by Sri Ramakrishna, and expounded in the modern idiom by Swami Vivekananda and thus made available to all people all over the world without any distinctions of caste, creed or race.
The Ramakrishna Order does not believe in conversion, nor does it indulge in the occult or the sensational. The Order places utmost importance on personal spiritual unfoldment and selfless service. Inspired by the idea of the harmony of all faiths, its centres encourage adherents of different faiths to meet in a spirit of friendship and mutual appreciation, and to learn from one another without having to give up one’s own faith. In the words of Sri Ramakrishna: “God has made different religions to suit different aspirants, lives and countries … all doctrines are only so many paths; but a path is by no means God Himself. Indeed one can reach God if one follows any of the paths with whole-hearted devotion.”
MOTTO: The motto of the twin organizations is ATMANO MOKSHARTHAM JAGAD HITAYA CHA, “For one’s own salvation and for the welfare of the world”. It was formulated by Swami Vivekananda.
IDEALS: Work as worship, potential divinity of the soul, and harmony of religions are three of the noteworthy ideals on which these two organizations are based. It is this ideal of service to man as service to God that sustains the large number of hospitals, dispensaries, mobile medical units, schools, colleges, rural development centres and many other social service institutions run the twin organizations.
HEADQUARTERS: The headquarters of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are situated at an area named Belur in the district of Howrah, West Bengal, India. The entire campus of the headquarters is popularly known as ‘Belur Math’. Sprawling over forty acres of land on the western bank of the river Hooghly (Ganga), the place is an hour’s drive from Kolkata.
Educational Services : The Math and the Mission run around 1200 educational institutions (including a Deemed University, Arts & Science Colleges, Sanskrit College, Teachers’ Training Institute, College of Physical Education, Higher Secondary Schools, Secondary Schools, Polytechnics, Computer Training Centres, Jr. Technical and Industrial Schools, Blind Boys’ Academy, Vocational Training Centres) as well as non-formal educational centres and coaching centres.
Medical Services : The Math and the Mission run 14 hospitals, 116 Dispensaries, 57 Mobile-Medical Units, 7 Nursing Training Institutes. Medical camps and eye camps are organized regularly for rural and needy patients. Apart from that, Leprosy case detection and treatment is being done by our dispensaries in Belur Math, Chennai, Kamarpukur and Lucknow. Maternity and child welfare services are provided by our hospitals in Kolkata, Lucknow, Thiruvananthapuram and Vrindaban, as well as through some of our dispensaries.
Relief and Rehabilitation Activities : The Math and the Mission conduct relief and rehabilitation operations, during natural or man-made disasters, which includes cyclone / storm relief, distress relief, flood relief, fire relief, earthquake / landslide relief, winter relief and medical relief. Rehabilitation activities includes construction of houses, townships, bridges and roads.
Service in Rural and Tribal Areas : The Math and the Mission provides various services for the development of rural areas, which includes digging of wells / ponds, installation of tube-wells and water filters, agricultural camps and demonstrations, Farmers’ Fare (Kisan Mela), distribution of seeds, sapling and fertilizers, soil testing, wasteland development, construction of check dams, animal resource development, awareness programme on health and hygiene, construction and repairing of schools and community halls, providing renewable (solar) energy units, vocational courses on dairy, poultry, horticulture, handicraft, tailoring, welding, computer, etc.