This institution, formerly known as Shishumangal Pratishthan, was started elsewhere in Kolkata in 1932 on a modest scale as a maternity and child welfare clinic. It is gradually developed into a first-grade maternity hospital and, since 1956, into a general hospital.
- General hospital: This 684-bed hospital has the following departments: general medicine, cardiology, cardiothoracic and vascular surgery, endocrinology, chemotherapy, dentistry, maxillo-facial surgery, dermatology, ENT, general surgery, paediatric surgery, urology, neurology, obstetrics, gynaecology, ophthalmology, orthopaedic, paediatrics, radiology, CCU, HDU-1 & 2, post-partum (family welfare), public health and various special clinics such as anesthesiology, diabetology, rheumatology, haematology, infertility, physical medicine, breast surgery, gastroenterology, nephrology, chest medicine, neurosurgery, pain clinic, physiotherapy, hearing and speech therapy. It has three laboratories, a blood bank including blood component separation unit, eleven up-to-date operation theatres, eight anaesthesia workstations, two dialysis units (14 beds), a 16 slice CT scan unit, nine x-ray units, four image intensifiers, ten USG units, three echocardiography units, an MRI unit, a phaco-emulsification unit, a bone mineral densitometry, a mammography and a lithotripsy, a 20-bed intensive care unit, a 15-bed cardiac care unit, and endoscopy / colonoscopy unit, an ERCP unit, an ETP /STP and an electric laundry plant.
- A school of nursing, recognized by the Central and the State Nursing Councils. A college of nursing with 4-year B.Sc. (Hons) nursing course, recognized by the West Bengal University of Health Science and the Indian Nursing Council.
- The Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences (a postgraduate medical college and research centre), conducts postgraduate courses (MD and MS) in nine disciplines as well as diploma courses (DGO, DCH, DLO & DO) and Diplomate of National Board (DNB) courses in four disciplines.
- The Institute also runs the following paramedical courses: degree courses in Physiotherapy (BPT), Critical Care Technology (BCCT) and Operation Theatre Technology (BOTT), and diploma courses in radiodiagnosis technique (DRD Tech), medical laboratory technology (DMLT) and Neuro Electro Physiology (DNEP).
- The Institute also conducts research projects in basic and clinical medicines funded by various organizations.
- The community health service wing, through a mobile unit working at Sarisha, Arapanch and Rajarhat rural areas. A medical camp is held at Gangasagar Mela grounds every year.
- Eye camps and blood donation camps.
- Medical seminars / conferences / workshops / CMEs (Continuing Medical Education).
- A round-the-clock medical pharmacy and a generic medicine store.